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Zrinski mine

WORKING HOURS, OFFERS AND PRICE LIST
HOW TO REACH ZRINSKI MINE?
ABOUT ZRINSKI MINE
PHOTO GALLERY AND VIDEO
BROCHURE




WORKING HOURS, OFFERS AND PRICE LIST

Zrinski mine is open for visitors with expert guidance (approx. 30 min).

Saturday and Sunday – a guide on organized duty is available (in front of the mine) for individual visitors from April to late October from 11 a .m. to 5 p.m.
Notice; during summer period in July and August the Zrinski mine is open for individual visitors only on Sundays and holidays.

During work days – for organized groups, by appointment with the Institution (phone numbers listed below). The minimum number of visitors is 20.

Entry ticket prices

- children 18 kn
- students and seniors 20 kn
- adults 23 kn
- family (family with children) 50 kn

Zrinski mine is not possible to visit without a guide authorized by the Public Institution «Nature Park Medvednica». Expert guidance is included in the ticket price.

IMPORTANT NOTICE!!! In case of bad weather, regular duty on weekends will be cancelled. Information is available by calling + 385 1 4586 317 (a hole year from Monday to Friday from 8 a.m. - 4 p.m.).

Advice for the visitors:
Temperature in the mine is about 12°C , and it is recommended to bring layered, warm clothes and sports shoes. Helmets are provided for all visitors. We do not recommend persons with claustrophobia entering the underground area.

SOUVENIR SHOP
Located next to the mine is a souvenir shop of the Park where it is possible to buy tickets, souvenirs and a tourist map of the Park.

 

HOW TO REACH ZRINSKI MINE?

By car: from Zagreb : take the Sljeme road to the mountain house “Grafičar”.
from Zagorje: from Pila, pass by Hunjka, to the mountain house “Grafičar”.

Public transport: take the ZET bus from Mihaljevac to Tomislavov dom. From Tomislavov dom it is possible to take a walk on the road which leads to the mine or take the footpath No. 26.

On foot : from “Šestinski lagvić” take the Miroslavec educational path to Kraljičin zdenac, then cross the paved road and take the footpath No. 1M. From Zagorje, from Gornja Bistra take the footpath No. 46.

 

ABOUT ZRINSKI MINE

Miner's garden
On Medvednica there is an area known by the name “Miner's garden”. This area is abundant with various formations such as underground corridors, cuttings, waste tips, trails and openings which tell us about people who used to mine here.

Zrinski mine
In 1463 King Matija Korvin issued a royal mining privilege to count Petar Zrinski, which gave him and his descendants the right to open mines of gold, silver and other metals. This privilege served the Zrinski family for mining on Medvednica, in the area of Miner's garden.

In 1527 Petar's descendant, Nikola Zrinski, signed a contract with the people of Zagreb which gave them the right to mine, and thus began the history on mining in Zrinski mine. History kept records on two citizens of Zagreb , Matija Crnoberski and Jakob Gašparin that mined here in the beginning of the 17th century for over two decades. Years of long labor of many miners resulted in 150 m of corridors through which you can take a stroll today.

Medieval mining
There are a few records on mining in this area. It is well known that European miners, in their everyday practice, used the knowledge described by Georgius Agricola in his famous book “De Re Metallica”. In this book, which was often called “The Bible” of mining and metallurgy, Agricola translated his ample experience acquired from German mines.

The book “De Re Metallica” served the Public institution “Nature Park Medvednica” for reconstruction of medieval mining scenes, and to evoke the miners' appearance, clothes and tools of those times. Statues of miners in their natural size are the work of Damir Pavelić, a forestry engineer. The authentic appearance of a medieval mine is completed by sounds of dripping water, pick blows in the rock, creaking of wooden wheel-barrows, and muffled conversations of miners.

Galena
Zrinski mine used to be a mine of lead – zinc ore. This ore abundantly contains the mineral galena or lead – glance, in which silver is integrated. The name galena comes from Greece word gal – to shine. While you walk through the corridors of the mine look carefully at the rocks that surround you. Shiny galena appears in it as a tangle of irregular veins, spatters, or lenses, and it is easily noticeable.

Geology of Zrinski mine

Saint Barbara
The work in the mine was very hard. Darkness, high moisture and dust were miners' everyday life. Before descending into the underground corridors, miners would come to a wooden chapel of St. Barbara, today's St. Jacob's chapel. Miners used to dedicate their prayers to their patroness, St. Barbara for fear of fire, water rush, mine collapse or other accidents. At the end of the day they thanked her for fortunate exiting from the mine. If you listen very carefully, you can hear the whisper of ancient prayers:

“As I now descend into the dark bowels of the earth,
I beseech thee, sweet Barbara,
that I be kept safe from harm,
for it liketh me not
that I rush unbidden into God's presence.”

Curiosities

  1. Many priests all over Europe used to keep the famous book “De Re Metallica”, by Agricola on the altars in their churches. Since the book was written in Latin, when needed, they would translate parts of the book to local mine owners or managers.
  2. It is estimated that daily production from the Zrinski mine was approximately 10 tons of ore, in which there was about 5 kg of silver. It is presumed that about 30 miners worked daily in Zrinski mine.
  3. Some Christmas tradition is connected to St. Barbara's holiday. On St. Barbara's Day (celebrated on December 4) in some parts of Croatia wheat is traditionally placed into bowls, which then sprouts, becomes green, and is therefore a Christmas decoration.
  4. Jumping over leather is a traditional manifestation when miners mark St. Barbara's holiday, their patroness. It goes back to the very beginning of mining when young miners were accepted into the miners' order by jumping over a mine's shaft. In that way they symbolically proved their fearlessness and readiness for hard miner's calling. In time the shafts became too big, and they started to jump over leather which miners carried as an apron. This custom is maintained until today, and is even kept by students from the Faculty of mining, geology and petroleum.
  5. There are many legends and stories about secret corridors that lead from Zrinski mine to Medvedgrad, and to St. Mark's church in Zagreb 's downtown. In 1935 Stjepan Dokušec wrote about it in his book “One thousand and one nights of our nation”.
  6. In the Middle Ages it was considered a great sin and evil to take the ore from the ground. Mining used to be looked down upon and despised since it was regarded that gold and silver corrupted men and forced them to do evil acts, while, for example, farming was glorified.

The mine's underground had been abandoned for a long time. There were no miners, tools or anything connected to their way of life. The public institution “Nature Park Medvednica” tried to bring back the ancient life of the Zrinski mine, a part of our rich heritage, to enlighten the hard life and work of our ancestors. With great respect to the generations of miners and everything they created, we invite you to discover a part of their secret! GOOD LUCK!

Renovation of Zrinski mine was made possible with the help of:
Ministry of Culture, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Physical Planning and Construction, City of Zagreb, Croatian National Tourist Board, Zagreb Tourist Board, Faculty of mining, geology and petroleum, Prominis group, Geomid, Viadukt, Tempo, Hidrel, Hrvatske šume t.d., Diners, Elikom.

 

PHOTO GALLERY AND VIDEO


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>> Zrinski mine - Medieval days Flash 9 (448x352, 17.40 MB)



Brochure - Zrinski mine ( pdf, 1.86 MB)

 
 
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Medvednica Nature Park, Bliznec b.b., Zagreb 10000, Croatia
Phone: 01/4586-317, Fax: 01/4586-318, info@pp-medvednica.hr